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    Tax & Legal

      Leaving the EU: Brexit and its impact on German businesses


      The time has come to say goodbye: Today UK Prime Minister Theresa May formally invoked Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty thus initiating the formal negotiations for her country’s departure from the European Union. A PwC special report looks at the potential outcome with respect to tax, legal and people.

      The long and winding road: Trade Facilitation Agreement now in force


      A successful conclusion of a long negotiating process: The TFA, short for Trade Facilitation Agreement, entered into force on 22 February 2017 and brings along a number of improvements mainly in trading with developing countries. It is hailed as the greatest success since the founding of the WTO, the World Trade Organization, and shows the commitment of the members for a multilateral trading System.

      No extended trade tax deduction on the disposal of an interest in a real estate partnership


      Profits arising from the sale of an interest in a partnership are not to be included in the extended trade tax deduction for real estate enterprises.

      According to Section 9 no. 1 2nd Sentence of the Trade Tax Act (TTA), in place of the deduction under Section 9 No. 1 1st Sentence TTA (lump sum deduction of 1.2% of the assessed value of the real estate), enterprises, which exclusively manage and use their own real estate, may make an application to make an (extended) deduction relating to the part of the trading income which relates to the management and use of their own real estate.

      Write-downs to fair market value resulting from foreign exchange rate differences on investment units are to be added back off-balance sheet


      Where a company, which has acquired investment units in US dollar denominated equity funds, writes down the value of the investment units to their fair market value following an unfavourable development in the foreign currency exchange rate, the company must add the write down back off-balance sheet.

       

      Background

      New Ministry of Finance Circular planned: Federal Government and Federal States agree upon a Revision of the Treatment of Cum/Cum Transactions.


      The federal government and federal states have agreed unanimously upon the criteria for a revision of the tax treatment of existing cum/cum structures. The tax authorities of the federal states could then – according to comprehensive and standardised criteria – attack cum/cum transactions, which were executed before the change in the law as at 31 December 2015.

      The agreement was reached when the heads of the tax departments of the respective federal and states Ministries of Finance met in Berlin between 1 and 3 March 2017. A new Ministry of Finance circular will be prepared to implement the decision. The existing Ministry of Finance circular of 11 November 2016 will continue to apply to the beneficial attribution of securities transactions.

      Federal cabinet approves new rules as part of the fight against money laundering and financing of terrorism


      On 22 February 2017 the federal government approved a draft bill to implement both the fourth EU money laundering directive and the EU regulation on the transfer of funds as well as to reorganise the Central Financial Transactions Investigation Agency. The intention is to up-date and strengthen measures developed to prevent money laundering and the financing of terrorism.

      The Central Financial Transactions Investigation Agency (“Zentralstelle für Finanztransaktionsuntersuchungen” – “FIU”) will be restructured and will obtain more staff

      Interest paid by foreign partner deductible also in case of two-tier partnership


      In a decision published in March 2017 the Supreme Tax Court held that – in the case of a two-tier partnership structure – the interest expense of the Dutch partner holding only an indirect share in a German limited partnership is nevertheless tax deductible when computing his limited German tax liability resulting from his investment in the German partnership.