Tax & Legal

Tax & Legal

Italy reshapes format, contents and requirements for transfer pricing documentation

In brief

The Italian Revenue Agency on November 23 issued the long-awaited Act of the Director of the Revenue Agency no. 360494 (New Act). The New Act introduces significant and substantial changes to the rules related to the ‘appropriate’ Transfer Pricing documentation that must be prepared in order to support the application of the arm’s-length principle to intercompany transactions, and hence establishes the new requirements for opting-in the Italian penalty protection regime. Continue reading

Review of profit and loss pooling agreements concluded prior to 27 February 2013 recommended

An amendment to a statutory law which was passed by the Bundestag and Bundesrat in December 2020, entered into force on 1 January 2021, requires a review of those profit and loss pooling agreements concluded and last amended before 27 February 2013. This pertains to profit and loss pooling agreements (PLPA) for tax groups (“Organschaft”) with a GmbH as controlled subsidiary and which do not (yet) contain an explicit and unconditional reference to Section 302 of the German Stock Corporation Act (GSCA) which includes future changes of the provision (so-called “dynamic reference”).
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No trade tax add-back of rental costs allocated to production costs of current assets

Rental and lease payments for the use of movable fixed assets are not to be added back to trading profits in accordance with Section 8 No. 1 Letter d Trade Tax Act (TTA), insofar as they are to be attributed to the costs for the production/manufacture of current assets. This will also be the case in situations where the rent and lease payments would have been capitalized as production costs, had the asset still been included in the business’ assets as at the balance sheet date and therefore had to have been capitalized. This was decided by the Supreme Tax Court in a ruling published on 12 November 2020. Continue reading

No obligation to file electronic tax returns where economically unreasonable

In a decision of the Supreme Tax Court published on 12 November 2020, the Court held that the electronic filing of an income tax return may be considered unreasonable from an economic point of view, where the cost of setting up and maintaining a system for the transmission of remote data bears no meaningful economic correlation to the income triggered by the obligation to file the tax returns electronically   Continue reading

Framework for the implementation of a successful tax compliance management system (Tax CMS) 

Many businesses have already implemented a Tax CMS; often, however, this does not yet meet expectations. Frequently a system is created which is too generic, with a risk identification process which is insufficiently specific for the business at hand and with specifications too vague to implement risk limiting measures. Furthermore, such bulky and artificial Tax CMS-constructs often exist on top of other operating processes. This gives rise to additional workloads for the employees without in many cases generating the desired liability limitation. Moreover, the options for automation are often only used to a limited extent in the area of taxation. This is why a proper Tax CMS implementation is so important. Continue reading

Supreme Tax Court: suspension of limitation period where claim for a refund exists

In a decision published on 5 November 2020, the Supreme Tax Court held, that the application of Section 171 (14) General Tax Code (“GTC”) is not restricted to cases of invalid tax assessments. Rather, any claim for a refund connected to a tax claim can in principle trigger a suspension of the run down to statutory limitation. However, if the refund claim is to suspend the limitation period for assessments, the claim must have come into existence before the expiry of this limitation period. Payments made in anticipation of an expected change to tax assessments for the years in dispute gave rise to a refund claim thus triggering the suspension of the limitation period under Section 171 (14) GTC as there was no formal legal basis for the payment. Continue reading