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Tax & Legal

Tax & Legal

Refinancing by leasing companies: treatment of notional interest portion of leasing instalments


According to a decision of the Supreme Tax Court, the leasing instalments paid in cases of refinancing by a leasing company were also to be included in the calculation of the trade tax base. The bank privilege in the Trade Tax Implementation Ordinance did not apply to the notional interest portion of the leasing instalment. Continue reading

Non-deductible deemed business expenses not to be derived from merger profits within a tax group


If a corporation is merged into its parent company, which in turn is a controlled company within a corporation tax group (fiscal unity/“Organschaft”) with a corporation as the controlling company (“Organträger”), the Supreme Tax Court has ruled that no flat-rate deemed business expenses are to be added back to profits under Section 8b (3) sentence 1 of the German Corporation Tax Act (CTA) either at the level of the parent company or at the level of the controlled company, where the said non-deductible flat-rate deemed business expenses are derived from a merger gain. Continue reading

Real Estate Transfer Tax Act: changes planned to the treatment of “share deals”


The Federal Ministry of Finance is planning to introduce a bill based on the proposals made by the Finance Ministers’ Conference in November 2018 in relation to the Real Estate Transfer Act (RETT Act). It is currently envisaged that the changes, which are likely to be discussed in the Cabinet at the end of April 2019, should be included in the Finance Act 2019. Continue reading

Input VAT claims and Brexit


Prior to the announcement on 21 March 2019 that Brexit may be postponed until either 12 April 2019, 22 May 2019 or possibly later, the British tax and customs authorities (HMRC) issued guidance on 18 March 2019 on the changes to VAT IT systems in the event of the United Kingdom leaving the EU on 29 March 2019 without a deal. Continue reading

Unlimited tax liability with dual residency


The fact that a taxpayer has both a residence in Germany and a residence abroad does not, according to a ruling by the Supreme Tax Court, preclude the existence if an unlimited tax liability even when the foreign residence constitutes the centre of the taxpayer’s vital interests Continue reading

Draft discussion document for the promotion of R&D


In a draft discussion document the Federal Ministry of Finance has revealed plans for an annual research and development (R&D) grant costing a total of € 1.25 billion per annum. The plans provides for an initial duration of four years, after which an evaluation will follow. The Finance Ministry is thus currently planning total subsidy to the value of € 5 billion. According to the draft, the federal and state governments should each pay half of this amount. Continue reading

ECJ provides guidance on beneficial ownership and abuse of rights


On 26 February 2019, the ECJ issued its judgements in the joined cases T Denmark and Y Denmark -v- the Danish Ministry of Taxation (C-116/16 and C-117/16) and N Luxembourg 1, X Denamrk A/S, C Danmark I and Z Denmark ApS -v- the Danish Ministry of Taxation ( C115/16. C-118/16, C-119/16 and C-299/16). These cases related to the question of whether dividend and interest payments were exempt from withholding tax, when the payments were made from a Danish company to a EU-resident company, and then(fully or partially) passed on by the EU-resident to the ultimate parent resident in a third country. Continue reading

The Italian Budget Law 2019


The last version of the Italian Budget Law 2019 has been published in the Gazzetta Ufficiale from the 31. December 2018 and entered into force on the 1st of January 2019. The provisions include interesting innovations on the tax environment for taxpayers, both   legal entities and natural persons.

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