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Tax & Legal

Tax & Legal

Input VAT deduction available despite missing details on the date of supply


For the purposes of input VAT deduction, the necessary information about the tax point (the date of the supply) may be inferred from the date on which an invoice was issued, if it can be assumed that the service was provided in the month in which invoice was issued.  The Supreme Tax Court also confirmed European Court of Justice case law, according to which a retroactive adjustment of the invoice reverts to the year of its issue. Continue reading

Statutory interest rate levied on late payment of taxes no longer up-to-date?


The Supreme Tax Court has serious doubts as to the appropriateness of the current fixed rate of interest on late payments which is levied at a rate of 6 per cent per annum. This is especially relevant when considering the generally low interest rates level which have been charged in the market for some considerable time. Continue reading

Principle of deemed single uniform compensation


Where an employer contractually obliges himself to make several payments to an employee in connection with a termination of employment, the payments will only be considered as a single uniform compensation payment if there is clear evidence that all instalments were paid “as compensation for lost income or expected loss of income”. Continue reading

International private law also to be observed in tax law


Courts may not interpret contracts governed by foreign law according to German law. The legal terms used by the contracting parties in the text of the contract are to be given their proper meaning under foreign law. The German courts have to apply the foreign law in the way it would have been interpreted and applied by the courts of the relevant foreign state. Where necessary they must consult an expert for this purpose. Continue reading

Write-up of shares in GmbH not part of tax-neutral profit transfer


The Supreme Tax Court has decided that a gain arising from a share disposal can be rolled-over on a tax-neutral basis under Section 6b Income Tax Act where the privileged asset has been sold to a related entity. However, the Court also ruled that the part of the gain attributable to the write-up of the privileged asset – where the earlier write-down of the shares had reduced the taxable profits -could not be rolled over as a tax-neutral transfer under section 6b of the Income Tax Act. Continue reading

RETT-Blocker: Indirect unification of shares through an intermediary partnership


The Supreme Tax Court has decided that where an intermediary partnership holds direct or indirect interests in a real-estate-owning company, the relevant holding for establishing its interest in the related real-estate holding company, is its interest in the capital of the partnership and not the interest in the jointly owned property according to the law of property. Continue reading

Gift Tax : Benefit provided to person related to a shareholder


The Supreme Tax Court decided in three separate cases that the payment of excessive consideration under the terms of a contract between a GmbH and a party related to the shareholder is not a partial gift by the GmbH, if the shareholder was involved in the conclusion of the contract between the GmbH and the related party. In such a case the benefit granted arises from corporate relationship between the GmbH and the shareholder. With these decisions the Supreme Tax Court has changedn its earlier jurisprudence on this question. Continue reading

Assignment of players as gift to a football club


In a decision on 30 August 2017 the Supreme Tax Court held that where a third party provides his employees to a football club to serve as players, trainers or counsellors without receiving adequate consideration, the waiver of such compensation is to be considered as a taxable gift of the third party to the football club. Continue reading