Following the discussions of the Conference of Finance Ministers of the Federal States, the government has included in the Finance Bill 2019 amended regulations in respect of so-called “share deals” in real estate transactions. Aim of the proposed rules is a tightening of the financial framework around the indirect “transfers” of real estate held through companies and other associations of persons. The draft bill includes the following amendments: Continue reading
Tax & Legal
The Federal Ministry of Finance is planning to introduce a bill based on the proposals made by the Finance Ministers’ Conference in November 2018 in relation to the Real Estate Transfer Act (RETT Act). It is currently envisaged that the changes, which are likely to be discussed in the Cabinet at the end of April 2019, should be included in the Finance Act 2019. Continue reading
The Supreme Tax Court has decided that where an intermediary partnership holds direct or indirect interests in a real-estate-owning company, the relevant holding for establishing its interest in the related real-estate holding company, is its interest in the capital of the partnership and not the interest in the jointly owned property according to the law of property. Continue reading
The Supreme Tax Court has held that real estate transfer tax falls due on the acquisition by a company of its own shares if only one other shareholder remains. Continue reading
The ECJ has held that a Spanish transfer tax on the purchase of shares in a property-owning company is not similar to VAT and is therefore not precluded by the tax duplication prohibition of the Sixth Directive.
Transfers of shares in Spanish companies holding at least 50% of their assets in real estate are subject to a capital transfer tax if the transfer allows the acquirer effective control over the property. Transactions subject to this tax are specifically exempt from VAT under the VAT Act. A Spanish pension fund acquired 64% of the shares in a property company, bringing its total holding to 67%. It protested against its assessment to capital transfer tax on the grounds that the tax was, effectively, a substitute for VAT and thus precluded by the provisions of the Sixth (and now the VAT) Directive. However, the ECJ has rejected this claim, holding that the capital transfer tax is not similar to VAT and not therefore precluded by the Sixth Directive.
The ECJ case reference is C-139/12 Caixa d’Estalvis i Pensions de Barcelona, judgment of March 20, 2014.
Note: the corresponding German tax, real estate transfer tax (RETT), is levied on share transfers in any company owning German real estate that lead to the acquistion of an interest of at least 95%. The two taxes are not identical, although the arguments of the ECJ in support of the Spanish tax also hold good for the German levy.
The Supreme Tax Court has granted a taxpayer’s appeal against a real estate transfer tax assessment on the grounds that an indirect change in the shareholdings in the members of a property owning partnership was less than a complete change of interest in the partnership. Continue reading