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Tax & Legal

Tax & Legal

Italy reshapes format, contents and requirements for transfer pricing documentation


In brief

The Italian Revenue Agency on November 23 issued the long-awaited Act of the Director of the Revenue Agency no. 360494 (New Act). The New Act introduces significant and substantial changes to the rules related to the ‘appropriate’ Transfer Pricing documentation that must be prepared in order to support the application of the arm’s-length principle to intercompany transactions, and hence establishes the new requirements for opting-in the Italian penalty protection regime. Continue reading

Country-by-Country Reports: German Ministry of Finance releases circular.


On 20 December 2016 legislation was passed introducing measures to combat base erosion and profit shifting. A part of this legislation – introduced in the new Section 138a of the General Tax Code – imposed an obligation on multinational enterprises to report annually for each tax jurisdiction in which they do business, so-called Country-by-Country (CbC) reports. On 11 July 2017 the German Ministry of Finance released a circular, which provides some guidelines on the completion of the CbC reports. Continue reading

Related party by ownership despite restrictions on exercise of ownership rights


The Supreme Tax Court has held that internal or other restrictions on the excise of ownership rights do not obviate an association by common shareholding of more than 25%. It has also held that the application of the transfer pricing documentation rules to cross-border transactions only is, while discriminatory, justified by the need to protect tax revenue. Continue reading

No transfer pricing adjustment for breaches of formality


The Supreme Tax Court has rejected a tax office assessment attempt on the basis of a hidden distribution of profits because of a delay in agreeing management charges in writing, saying that the double tax treaty related party provision bases the arm’s length standard on amount, rather than on the reason for, or documentation, of a transaction. Continue reading