PwC

Tax & Legal

Tax & Legal

Finance Act 2018


On 8 November 2018, the Finance Bill 2018 was adopted by the German parliament and received the consent of the Bundesrat on 23 November 2018 in the form of “The Act for the Avoidance of VAT Losses on the Trading of Goods on the Internet and Amendments to other Tax Regulations”(hereafter “Finance Act 2018”). This article sets out a selection of the new regulations. Continue reading

VAT: Divergent treatment of discounts on medicinal products violates EU law


On 20 December 2017 the European Court of Justice (ECJ) held that the divergent VAT treatment of discounts granted by pharmaceutical companies (i.e. trader/entrepreneur for VAT purposes) to statutory (public) health insurance funds and private health insurance funds constitutes an infringement of EU law. The ECJ followed the Advocate General’s opinion and confirmed the doubts of the German Supreme Tax Court which had referred the question to the ECJ under reference V R 42/15. Continue reading

VAT – Supply of goods – Finance lease with option to purchase


On 4 October 2017 the European Court of Justice decided that a finance lease with an option to purchase should be qualified as a “supply of goods” where the exercise the option appears to be the only economically rational choice that the lessee could make at the appropriate time. As a result the whole of the VAT becomes due when the object to be leased is handed over. Continue reading

VAT: Referrals to European Court of Justice on imputed taxation (“Sollbesteuerung”) and margin-scheme taxation.


Supreme Tax Court judges have expressed doubt both upon the previously uncontested obligation of entrepreneurs subject to the so-called imputed taxation (“Sollbesteuerung) to pre-finance VAT and upon the exclusion of the reduced VAT rate on the provision of holiday apartment rentals according to the so-called margin-scheme taxation. The Supreme Tax Court has therefore referred two cases to the European Court of Justice (ECJ) (i) referral of 21 June 2017: V R 51/16; and (ii) referral of 3 August 2017: V R 60/16. Continue reading