Regulatory Blog

Regulatory Homeschooling – Basel IV Experte in sieben Schritten !

Nutzen Sie die Zeit im Homeoffice und werden Basel IV Experte !

Aktuell können wir unsere CRR II/ CRR III (Basel IV) Academy 2020 leider nicht in der bewährten Form als Präsenzschulung abhalten. Die CRR II/CRR III (Basel IV) Academy kommt daher zu Ihnen ins Homeoffice – mit unserem Regulatory Homeschooling können Sie vom 09.06. bis 02.07.2020 live an unserem Academy Webinar teilnehmen. Basierend auf unserer erfolgreichen Basel IV Academy bieten wir Ihnen im Juni 2020 ein 7-teiliges Intensiv-Online-Seminar rund um Basel IV, CRR II und CRR III an. Vom neuen KSA ĂĽber FRTB und SA-CCR bis hin zum Kapital-Floor ist alles dabei. Melden Sie sich noch heute unter dem folgenden Link an und werden Basel IV-Experte:

BMF veröffentlicht Referentenentwurf des Risikoreduzierungsgesetzes (RiG) zur Umsetzung des EU-Bankenpakets

Nachdem auf europäischer Ebene das sog. Risikoreduzierungspaket, bestehend aus CRD V, CRR II, BRRD II, und SRMR II bereits am 7. Juni 2019 im Amtsblatt der Europäischen Union (Amtsblatt der EU vom 7. Juni 2019; L150) veröffentlicht wurde, hat das Bundesministerium der Finanzen am 17. April 2020 den Referentenentwurf  fĂĽr ein Gesetz zur Reduzierung von Risiken und zur Stärkung der Proportionalität im Bankensektor (Risikoreduzierungsgesetz – RiG) auf seiner Homepage veröffentlicht. Damit sollen insbesondere die in dem Paket enthaltenen Richtlinienänderungen in nationales deutsches Recht umgesetzt werden. Entsprechend den Vorgaben in den Richtlinien soll das RiG grundsätzlich bereits am 28. und am 29. Dezember 2020 in Kraft treten. Obwohl die darin enthaltenen Ă„nderungen bereits aus den umzusetzenden Richtlinien bekannt sind, ist erfahrungsgemäß immer noch ein Blick in das Umsetzungsgesetz selbst anzuraten. Die Darstellung aller relevanten Ă„nderungen wĂĽrde den Rahmen dieses Beitrags sprengen. Wir haben einige besonders wichtige Punkte aus der Umsetzung der CRD V herausgegriffen, die wir fĂĽr Sie in prägnanter Form zusammengefasst haben.

IRB Loss Given Default Modelling: Risk Differentiation Function

A well-functioning Loss Given Default (LGD) model is expected to be present with all Advanced IRB banks as required by the Regulation (EU) No 575/2013, later referred to as CRR and subsequently by a set of regulatory papers released by the EBA and ECB.

EBA Guidelines on the PD estimation, the LGD estimation and the treatment of defaulted exposures (EBA/GL/2017/16) further referred as “GL on PD&LGD estimation” distinguishes two steps in the development of the LGD framework:

  1. Model development in LGD estimation as per section 6.2 (which is commonly known as the Risk Differentiation Function)
  2. LGD calibration as per section 6.3

In this article, we will be focusing solemnly on the first step; thus, it will be mainly concerned with how to differentiate obligors/facilities in terms of their relative risk, measured in LGD. The second step (LGD calibration), we will address as a topic with a separate blog post.

PwC’s Pandemic Analysis and Scenario Simulation tool for the multi-year simulation of the COVID-19 crisis on regulatory capital

The simulation of the impact of COVID-19 on regulatory capital ratios will be one of the biggest challenges in the next weeks for banks. Both board members and supervisors are keen on understanding how the crisis will impact the capital ratios over the next three years. Based on the discussions with our clients, and the many years experience in RWA calculation and simulation tools we developed: (please click on picture to open)

PwC Pandemic Analysis and Scenario Simulation tool


Supervisory measures in reaction to the Corona crisis – Minimum capital ratios

Minimum capital ratios

The following blog post is part of the overview of supervisory measures in reaction to the Corona crisis:Supervisory measures in reaction to the Corona crisis – Overview.

According to the ad hoc measures taken by the ECB, banks can fully use their capital buffers during this time of financial distress, including the Capital Conservation Buffer (CCB) and the Pillar 2 Guidance (P2G). This means that banks are allowed to operate temporarily – until further notice – below the level of capital defined by the P2G and the CCB. 

Besides, banks can partially use capital instruments that do not qualify as CET1 capital, e.g. Additional Tier 1 or Tier 2 instruments, to meet their Pillar 2 Requirement (P2R). This measure is effectively an early implementation of the standards laid down in CRD V that originally should entry into force in January 2021). Banks will therefore benefit from relief in the composition of capital for the P2R.

Supervisory measures in reaction to the Corona crisis: BaFin Q&A on the regulatory impact

The following blog post is part of the overview of supervisory measures in reaction to the Corona crisis: Supervisory measures in reaction to the Corona crisis – Overview.

The Corona crisis affected banks not only in their daily business but also in their need to fulfil the regulatory requirements. Banks are now obviously confronted with a lot of open and urgent questions regarding specific regulatory issues. Therefore BaFin has set up a website with a comprehensive Q&A section around the regulatory issues in relation to the COVID-19 crisis and the countermeasures taken by the governments. The BaFin statements are directed to less significant institutions (LSI) in Germany. However, they might to some extent also serve as a guidance for significant institutions (SI) or banks in other jurisdictions, provided the statements are applicable and no contradicting statements were published by the respective competent authorities.

Since it is difficult to keep track with the frequently updated Q&As, we clustered and summarised BaFin’s most current key messages in the following section (as of April 22, 2020, to be updated continuously): 

Supervisory measures in reaction to the Corona crisis – Overview

Closed factories and shops, cancelled events, travel bans, wide-ranging curfews – the Corona crisis turns out to have dangerous and sudden effects on the global economy. The dramatic meltdown of leading stock markets in recent weeks seems to reflect the fears of a long-lasting recession. For some people, this brings back bad memories of the financial crisis back in 2008. Although “this time is different” [credits to Reinhart/Rogoff], the financial sector is facing severe second-order effects, including:

  • An unprecedented wave of distressed and defaulted clients leading to a sharp increase in loan loss provisions and thus serious P&L hits
  • Deterioration and high volatility of prices for bonds and equities that serve, e.g. as liquid assets or collateral

Besides, banks themselves need to cope with multiple operational challenges resulting from the extensive shutdown, e.g. working from home as a trader within a highly regulated environment or managing ongoing on-site inspections and important implementation projects “remotely”.

Therefore, besides several short-term measures to support companies, employees and self-employed people, the governments and respective competent authorities also agreed on various temporary reliefs for banks to ensure that they “can continue to fulfil their role to fund households and corporations amid the coronavirus-related economic shock to the global economy” [ECB].

PwC is committed to to be side by side with our clients in these difficult times, in any way possible to support institutions deal with the many challenges they are facing. Part of this commitment includes informing our clients proactively and help to analyze the potential impact of this crisis and related measures. Through this Regulatory Blog, we will continuously provide you with updates on regulatory and supervisory measures and share our views on how these could affect banks. (this time only in English since we have a steadily growing number of international readers – thank you for your understanding!). Information in German on the impact on the German Banking & Capital Market are available here: Banken und Kapitalmärkte – Auswirkungen durch COVID-19

Please do not wait to contact us whenever you need our support – be it in understanding and analyzing the impact of the crisis and the potential measures or in coping with the operational challenges in these extraordinary times. And most important: Please stay healthy and take good care of you and your loved ones!

Regulatory Spring Festival 2020 – Update

Sehr geehrte Damen und Herren,

unsere alljährliche und beliebte Regulatory Roadshow sollte am 20. April 2020 als Regulatory Spring Festival starten. Wir haben uns sehr auf dieses besondere Event gefreut und hatten bereits mit den Vorbereitungen begonnen – die große Bühne war schon aufgebaut, das Regulatory Line-up festgelegt, der Soundcheck durchgeführt…

… und nun ist alles ganz anders gekommen.

Unter Berücksichtigung der aktuelle Lage zum Coronavirus und unserer umfassenden Sorgfaltspflicht als PwC gegenüber Mitarbeitern, Kunden und der Gesellschaft kommen wir zu dem unausweichlichen Ergebnis, unser „Regulatory Spring Festival“ für die geplanten Termine abzusagen. Aufgeschoben ist aber nicht aufgehoben !

Wann unsere Regulatory Experten in diesem Jahr on tour gehen können, müssen wir unter Berücksichtigung der aktuellen Situation und entsprechend den dann geltenden Empfehlungen für die Durchführung von Veranstaltungen entscheiden. Wir halten Sie auf unserer Webseite und im Regulatory Blog selbstverständlich auf dem Laufenden, damit Sie Ihre Teilnahme an der Veranstaltung entsprechend planen können.

Damit die Wartezeit nicht zu lang wird, arbeiten wir derzeit an einzelnen Regulatory Gigs – in Form von Webcasts, Youtube und anderem. Selbstverständlich informieren wir hierzu rechtzeitig und auf den Ihnen bekannten Kanälen.

Aktuelle Informationen dazu und rund um die Corona Crisis Response auf nationaler, europäischer und globaler Ebene finden Sie in unserem Regulatory Blog unter:

FĂĽr alle Fragen stehen wir Ihnen natĂĽrlich gern zur VerfĂĽgung.

Hoffentlich bis bald und bleiben Sie gesund!


Supervisory measures in reaction to the Corona crisis – Operational reliefs

The following blog post is part of the overview of supervisory measures in reaction to the Corona crisis:Supervisory measures in reaction to the Corona crisis – Overview.

Operational reliefs

The most prominent decision taken by the BCBS in light of the COVID-19 crisis is obviously the revised timeline for implementing the final Basel III package (i.e. “Basel IV”). The general starting point is now postponed from 2022 to 2023, hoping that banks still have the chance to adapt to the new requirements in an appropriate manner despite the current circumstances. This will also apply in the European Union which has postponed the publication of a first CRR III draft to implement Basel IV in the Union that had been expected by mid-of-2020. In the same vein, the EBA In a statement on additional supervisory measures in the COVID-19 pandemic related to market risk declared that the reporting requirement for the new Fundamental Review of the Trading Book (FRTB) standardised approach will also be postponed. CRR II required banks exceeding certain thresholds to start reporting on the new market risk calculations in the first quarter of 2021. Now, the EBA proposes to postpone this reporting requirement to the third quarter of 2021.

One of the first measures taken by the EBA to reduce the operational burden of banks in the light of the Corona crisis was to postpone the EU-wide stress test from 2020 to 2021 (see EBA statement as of March 12, 2020). To support banks’ focus on key operations and to limit any non-essential requests in the short term, the EBA has reviewed all ongoing activities requiring inputs from banks in the next months and decided to extend or postpone several deadlines. Please find below a detailed list of changes (click to enlarge):

In addition, according to the EBA statement as of March 31, 2020, further operational reliefs will be granted in terms of supervisory reporting and disclosures. According to the EBA, competent and resolution authorities should assess the extent to which a delayed submission of all the data or subsets of the data included in the EBA reporting framework would be justified in these extraordinary circumstances. For the time being, such supervisory actions are only being considered for submissions due between March and end of May 2020. In general, institutions should be allowed up to one additional month for submitting the required data. Each competent and resolution authority should clarify the precise terms for institutions in their jurisdiction. However, due to their importance for the supervisory authorities, the reportings of the LCR, the additional liquidity monitoring metrics (AMM) and the information on the institution’s liability structure, including intra-group financial connections (part of the resolution planning reporting) should still be reported in accordance with the deadlines specified in the applicable reporting standard. Further, the EBA clarifies that despite the current circumstances the reporting in accordance with the new data point model version 2.9 should still start with the reference date 31 March 2020.